Hyaline casts are formed in the absence of cells in the tubular lumen. They have a smooth hyaline cast texture and a refractive index very close to that of the surrounding fluid. Reduced ...
– Calcium oxalate: moderate
– Hyaline casts: 0 – 2/lpf
– Mucus: present
– White blood cells: 0 – 2/hpf
– Yeast: few
triple phosphate crystal in urine
It can be found in chronic cystitis and enlarged prostate
There are 3 types of epithelial cells that can be found in urine:
1. Squamous Epithelial cells
2. Transitional Epithelial cells
3. Renal Tubular Epithelial (RTE) cells
Ammonium biurate crystals are normal in urine.
Appearance: yellowish-brown, can be seen in a “thorn apple” shape (round with thorny projections) or in spherical form.
Granular Cast in Urine Sediment
Epithelial Cell Cast in Urine Sediment
Radiopaque dye Crystals is considered abnormal in urine
Appearance: flat needles or sheaves accompanied by round globules but are variable in form.
When the presence of radiopaque ...
Calcium oxalate crystals (shown above) can be present in urine when oxalate-rich foods such as tomatoes, spinach, garlic, oranges, and asparagus are ingested.
Calcium oxalate ...