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Factors known to be promoters of cast formation

Factors known to be promoters of cast formation are: Increased amount of certain proteins as Albumin, Myoglobin ,and Hemoglobin Urinary stasis Cellular debris Low glomerular filtration ...

Monocyte with folded nucleus

One monocyte with folded nucleus. Normal blood – 100X 

Osteoclast with 2 nuclei

One osteoclast with 2 nuclei. Normal marrow -100X 

Two young monocytes

Two young monocytes, 1 with many vacuoles. Normal blood – 100X   

Calcium Oxalate crystals (monohydrate)

Calcium oxalate monohydrate crystals vary in size and may have a spindle, oval, or dumbbell shape. Found normally in urine after ingestion of vit C, tomato, spinch, garlic , orange.

Urine Ketone, When it’s ordered ?

Urine Ketone usually ordered for these purposes: Screening for ketonuria in pregnant women because ketoacidosis is a prominent factor that contributes to intrauterine death. Screening ...

Prolymphocytic Leukemia (PLL)

This is a rare chronic lymphoproliferative disorder seen in elderly in which patients have high total leukocyte count along with massive splenomegaly. The prolymphocytes are morphologically ...

Difference between Petechiae, Purpura and Ecchymoses

Petechiae, Purpura and Ecchymoses are the three terms that refer to bleeding that occurs in the skin. the term “petechiae” refers to smaller lesions. “Purpura” ...

Chilomastix mesnili

Introduction Chilomastix mesnili is cosmopolitan in distribution although found more frequently in warm climates. It is thought to be non-pathogenic although the trophozoite has been ...

Trichuris trichiura

Introduction Trichuris trichiura, more commonly known as the Whip Worm, due to the whip-like form of the body. These nematodes are most commonly seen in tropical climates and in areas ...

Capillaria Philippinensis

Introduction Intestinal capillariasis was first observed in the Philippines in 1962 and since then it has been noted, although less frequently in Thailand, with scattered reports from ...

White blood cells: Description, Classification and Formation

Description and Classification White blood cells are described and classified in several ways: 1. By function:Defense cells; phagocytes (granulocytes, macrophages) Cells that produce ...
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