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Schistocyte - Helmet Cells

schistocytes and helmet cells in a smear accosiated with DIC

There are numerous fragmented RBC’s seen here. Some of the irregular shapes appear as “helmet” cells. Such fragmented RBC’s are known as “schistocytes” ...
uric acid crystals

Uric Acid Crystals in Urine

It’s Uric Acid Crystals, Uric acid crystals are diamond or barrel shaped crystals that are typically yellow to orange-brown in color. They can be found in normal urine but may ...
basophilic stippling

Basophilic Stippling

the round, dark-blue granules known as basophilic stippling The granules are composed of precipitated ribosomes and mitochondria in immature red blood cells Basophilic Stippling ...
Acyute Lymphoblast leukemia (ALL) - Blasts

Blasts from acute lymphocytic leukemia ALL patient

This smear taken from acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) patient when we first report the cell we say it’s blast but we don’t specify it until we do other tests but i put ...
Stomatocytes - Hereditary stomatocytosis case

Stomatocytes on blood smear

Stomatocytes: [fish mouth- like] (RBC’s Alterations) Seen in patients with: Hereditary stomatocytosis (results in haemolytic anaemia)

Haematopoiesis Diagram

Haematopoiesis is the formation of blood cellular components. All cellular blood components are derived from haematopoietic stem cells.  Haematopoiesis
Triple Phosphate Crystals - Low power field

Alkaline Urine – Triple Phosphate Crystals

 This is Alkaline Urine: notice triple phosphate crystals These “triple phosphate” crystals look like rectangles, or coffin lids     Source & References: ...
Jaundice Symptoms

Jaundice Symptoms and causes

Jaundice: is the yellowing of the skin and the eyes 1) Pre-hepatic (hemolytic): The pathology is occurring prior to the liver. Sickle cell anemia Spherocytosis Thalassemia G6PD deficiency Hemolytic ...
Hypochromic and Microcytic Red Cells

Hypochromic microcytic anemia on peripheral smear

This is hypochormic microcytic anemia condition Hypochormic as central pallor zone increased in most red cells Microcytic as cells are smaller than normal Anisocytosis (variation in ...
Neutrophilia - leukemoid reaction

Neutrophilia – Leukomoid Reaction

 An elevated WBC count with mainly neutrophils suggests inflammation or infection. A very high WBC count (>50,000) that is not a leukemia is known as a “leukemoid reaction”. This ...
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