Endolimax nana parasite (Trophozoite and Cyst)

Introduction

  • Endolimax nana is a small non-pathogenic amoeba with world wide distribution. Its life cycle is similar to that of E. histolytica but is non-invasive.

Morphology of Trophozoite

  • Trophozoites of E. nana measures from 6-12μm. Motility is sluggish with blunt hyalin pseudopodia. In a permanently stained preparation, the nucleus exhibits a large karyosome with no peripheral chromatin on the nuclear membrane.
Endolimax nana trophozite and cyst morphology

Endolimax nana trophozite and cyst morphology

Endolimax Nana trophozoites Pictures

Endolimax Nana trophozoites Pictures


Morphology of Cysts

  • Cysts of E. nana are 6-9μm in diameter. They can be spherical or ovoid in shape and contain four pinpoint nuclei, which are highlighted by the addition of iodine. Chromatoid bodies are not found and glycogen is diffuse.
Endolimax Nana Cysts - Iodine stain

Endolimax Nana Cysts – Iodine stain

The cysts of E. nana - trichrome stain

The cysts of E. nana – trichrome stain

E. nana trophozoites E. nana cysts in wet mount

E. nana trophozoites E. nana cysts in wet mount


Laboratory Diagnosis

  • Laboratory diagnosis is made by finding the characteristic cysts in an iodine stained, formolether concentration method or by detecting the characteristic trophozoites in a wet preparation or a permanent stained preparation.
Endolimax nana trophozite and cyst

Endolimax nana trophozite and cyst


Microscopy

  • Where amebic dysentery is suspected, the laboratory should be informed that a “hot stool” is being supplied so that it can be examined within twenty minutes of being passed. On cooling the ameba stop moving which then become very difficult to identify. Direct microscopy should be done by mixing a small amount of the specimen in 0.9% sodium chloride solution. This permits detection of motile trophozoites of Endolimax nana and can also provide information on the content of the stool (i.e., the presence of leucocytes and red blood cells). On search e.g. primarily for cysts, not for ameba, several stool samples are required to be examined, by direct microscopy and a sensitive concentration technique. Three negative stool samples are required before it can be accepted that there is no amebic infection. Microscopic examination of an amebic abscess aspirate (e.g. in the liver or lungs), may reveal hematophagous trophozoites. It must be examined immediately by mixing a drop of warm saline with some aspirated pus on a microscope slide.
Mixed infection. Bailenger's stain. Two Entamoeba hartmanni trophozoites (arrow) and two Endolimax nana trophozoites (arrowhead)

Mixed infection. Bailenger’s stain. Two Entamoeba hartmanni trophozoites (arrow) and two Endolimax nana trophozoites (arrowhead)

Share This Post

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

You must be Logged in to post comment.

© 2018 Medical Laboratories. All rights reserved. Site Admin · Entries RSS · Comments RSS
Powered by WordPress · Powered by Medical Labs